(A) Sometimes two words look the same, but have different meanings and are pronounced differently (homographs).
- VERB – tear-tore-torn: to cause a split or break in paper, clothes, etc. It rhymes with BEAR, PEAR, WEAR.
- NOUN – a droplet of water coming from the eyes when crying. It rhymes with DEAR, FEAR, GEAR, HEAR, NEAR, YEAR.
(B) Some words of two syllables can change from a verb to a noun by shifting (moving) their word stress, though the written form remains identical.
- “We want to progress as quickly as we can. There’s a lot of work to get through.”
- “You’re making slow progress. You need to make a bit more of an effort.”
- VERB – to advance, to improve: PRO’GRESS – the stress falls on the second syllable.
- NOUN – a general improvement, taking steps in the right direction: ‘PROGRESS – the stress falls on the first syllable.
Note that the mark [ ‘ ] goes before the stressed syllable.