unit 1 intensiu

Introducing each other

* Greetings: Hello!

  • Hi!

  • Good morning/ afternoon /evening /night!

* Small talk:

  • How are you?
  • How do you do?
  • How are you going?

  • and you?

  • What’s your name?
  • Where are you from?
  • How old are you?

Etc.

  • My name is…
  • I’m…

* Showing gratitude:

  • Nice to meet you
  • Nice to meet you, too

* Bidding farewell:

  • Good bye
  • Bye bye
  • See you soon / in a while / later
  • Have a nice day / weekend / holiday

Present simple: Revision

1. We use the bare form (GO) with all the subjects except HE / SHE / IT.

  • I go to Sabadell by train.
  • You go to Castellbisbal by car.
  • We go to Matadepera by bike.
  • They go to Barcelona by bus.

2. The -S / -IES/ -ES form is only added to the third person singular form.

  • She goes to London by plane.
  • He goes to Ibiza by boat.

3. English in an auxiliary verb-based language.

4. Auxiliary verbs do not have a lexical meaning, their meaning is strictly grammatical.

5. The auxiliary verb for simple present is DO.

6. Since the 3rd person singular form requires an –S / -IES / -ES, the auxiliary verb becomes DOES.

7. Auxiliary verbs are only used in negative or interrogative sentences.

  • I don’t go to work on foot.
  • He doesn’t go home by car.
  • They don’t go on holidays by plane.
  • Do you go to work on foot? Yes, I do
  • Does he go home by car? No, he doesn’t.
  • Do they go on holidays by plane? No, they don’t

8. The auxiliary DO/DOES carries the negative sense of the action (NOT).

9. The auxiliary verb and the negative particle can be contracted (DON’T)

  • I do not go to school by class
  • I don’t go to school by class
  • She does not take the tube to university
  • She doesn’t take the tube to university

10. In questions the auxiliary is always placed in position one.

11. As a matter of pronunciation –ES endings are pronounce /iz/ and –S endings /s/. Written –ES endings are likely not to be pronounced.

12. For both affirmative and negative short answers, the auxiliary is also used (Yes, I do / No, I don’t).

13. Simple present statements express habit, routine or permanent situations or features.

14. Any time expressions involving habit, routine and permanent state are highly likely to require a verb in simple present (e.g. adverbs of frequency).


 

 

Likes and dislikes, agreeing and disagreeing

likes dislikes

Agreeing: Disagreeing

A – I can’t stand fantasy novels. A – I enjoy painting.

B – (Really?) Me neither. B – Really? I don’t. I prefer cooking.

A – I love eating Indian food. A – I hate soap operas.

B- (Really?) Me too. B – Really? I love them

3. Questions:

After like / enjoy / love / hate, what form is the verb?

How do you agree with like / enjoy / love / hate football?

How do you agree with don’t mind / don’t like / can’t stand football?

After I prefer, what form is the verb?

4. Put these words into three lists with these headings: POSITIVE, NEGATIVE and NEUTRAL.

can’t stand – don’t like – don’t mind – enjoy – hate – like – love – really don’t like – really like


 

word positions questions


 

 

SPEED-DATING

2. Listen to three people at a speed-dating evening. Write their names in the table in the order you hear them. Which two people do you think could have a second date?

1. 2. 3.
Reggae music
Hip-hop music
Hanging out with friends
Science-fiction films
Comedies
Horror films
Reading
Watching TV

3. Listen again. Complete the table in Ex 2 with a tick and a cross for the thing each person likes and doesn’t like.

1. Complete these questions to make nine different questions that you would like to answer at a speed-dating evening.

a) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?

b) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?

c) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?

d) Who’s your favourite _________________________________________?

e) How many ______________________________________ have you got?

f) How often do you ___________________________________________?

g) Where do you _______________________________________________?

h) Why are you ________________________________________________?

i) Have you ever _______________________________________________?

2. Work with a partner. Give your questions to your partner and take your partner’s questions. Ask and answer your questions. Give details with your answers.


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