Introducing each other
* Greetings: Hello!
- Good morning/ afternoon /evening /night!
* Small talk:
- How are you?
- How do you do?
- How are you going?
- and you?
- What’s your name?
- Where are you from?
- How old are you?
- My name is…
* Showing gratitude:
- Nice to meet you
- Nice to meet you, too
* Bidding farewell:
- Good bye
- Bye bye
- See you soon / in a while / later
- Have a nice day / weekend / holiday
Present simple: Revision
1. We use the bare form (GO) with all the subjects except HE / SHE / IT.
- I go to Sabadell by train.
- You go to Castellbisbal by car.
- We go to Matadepera by bike.
- They go to Barcelona by bus.
2. The -S / -IES/ -ES form is only added to the third person singular form.
- She goes to London by plane.
- He goes to Ibiza by boat.
3. English in an auxiliary verb-based language.
4. Auxiliary verbs do not have a lexical meaning, their meaning is strictly grammatical.
5. The auxiliary verb for simple present is DO.
6. Since the 3rd person singular form requires an –S / -IES / -ES, the auxiliary verb becomes DOES.
7. Auxiliary verbs are only used in negative or interrogative sentences.
- I don’t go to work on foot.
- He doesn’t go home by car.
- They don’t go on holidays by plane.
- Do you go to work on foot? Yes, I do
- Does he go home by car? No, he doesn’t.
- Do they go on holidays by plane? No, they don’t
8. The auxiliary DO/DOES carries the negative sense of the action (NOT).
9. The auxiliary verb and the negative particle can be contracted (DON’T)
- I do not go to school by class
- I don’t go to school by class
- She does not take the tube to university
- She doesn’t take the tube to university
10. In questions the auxiliary is always placed in position one.
11. As a matter of pronunciation –ES endings are pronounce /iz/ and –S endings /s/. Written –ES endings are likely not to be pronounced.
12. For both affirmative and negative short answers, the auxiliary is also used (Yes, I do / No, I don’t).
13. Simple present statements express habit, routine or permanent situations or features.
14. Any time expressions involving habit, routine and permanent state are highly likely to require a verb in simple present (e.g. adverbs of frequency).
Likes and dislikes, agreeing and disagreeing
A – I can’t stand fantasy novels. A – I enjoy painting.
B – (Really?) Me neither. B – Really? I don’t. I prefer cooking.
A – I love eating Indian food. A – I hate soap operas.
B- (Really?) Me too. B – Really? I love them
– After like / enjoy / love / hate, what form is the verb?
– How do you agree with like / enjoy / love / hate football?
– How do you agree with don’t mind / don’t like / can’t stand football?
– After I prefer, what form is the verb?
4. Put these words into three lists with these headings: POSITIVE, NEGATIVE and NEUTRAL.
can’t stand – don’t like – don’t mind – enjoy – hate – like – love – really don’t like – really like
2. Listen to three people at a speed-dating evening. Write their names in the table in the order you hear them. Which two people do you think could have a second date?
|Hanging out with friends|
3. Listen again. Complete the table in Ex 2 with a tick and a cross for the thing each person likes and doesn’t like.
1. Complete these questions to make nine different questions that you would like to answer at a speed-dating evening.
a) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?
b) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?
c) What kind of ______________________________________ do you like?
d) Who’s your favourite _________________________________________?
e) How many ______________________________________ have you got?
f) How often do you ___________________________________________?
g) Where do you _______________________________________________?
h) Why are you ________________________________________________?
i) Have you ever _______________________________________________?
2. Work with a partner. Give your questions to your partner and take your partner’s questions. Ask and answer your questions. Give details with your answers.