Health-Dickens-Industrial Revolution

“Crazy wooden galleries from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined that the air would seem too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it–as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations; every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage–all these ornament the banks of Folly Ditch” (Oliver Twist 443).

This Oliver Twist quote shows the filthy urban living conditions in Victorian London that lead to serious public health problems including the big cholera epidemy of 1848 that caused about 15,000 deaths.

Your work consists of making a description of London in Dickens times focussing on the sanitary conditions. Don’t forget to talk about pea-soupers, smell, noise, waste disposals, sewage, overcrowding, unpaved roads, lack of ventilation, water supply, slaughterhouses,laundry…..

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17 Responses to Health-Dickens-Industrial Revolution

  1. Ariadna Solés says:

    Pea-soupers is a very thick smog caused by air pollution that contains soot particulates and sulphur dioxide. This happened due to factories and homes burned coal to use the machines and get warm. It smog caused respiratory problems affecting the oldest people and children. For instance on Saturday 6 December 1952 the performance of La Traviata in London was abandoned at the interval because there was a dense pea-souper smog which made the stage almost invisible to the people who had sat at the back.

  2. Pau Plana Ollé says:

    Slaughterhouses (escorxadors):
    During the victorian times the slaughterhouses were in the street. This is an important problem for the health because the animals to reach the slaughterhouse had to walk across the city . Also the slaughterhouses were in the street, and were killing the animals in the street, this is an important problem because all the blood fell to the ground and the meat were infected easily.
    For these and other reasons the epidemics were very frecuently in the cities of the nineteenth century.
    So, we can say that slaughterhouses were a problem for the health of the people in the nineteenth

  3. Pau Domingo Gregorio says:

    During the nineteenth century in England, the industrial revolution started. But England had very big problems of health. The streets were very unhealthy. There were many causes for example the slaughterhouses.
    The slaugterhouses were places where the animals were killed for food. The problem was that the animals had to cross all the city to reach the slaugterhouse and during this time the animals passed many diseases to the people who where in the city. Sometimes the animals were killed in the same street and the blood and other parts of the animal fell on the ground, so the meat was dirty. These meat were eaten by other people that after were sick.
    So we can conclude that the slaughterhouses were very unhealthy for the societyof that time.

  4. Sergi Ramos Suarez says:

    The anterior comments of my friends reinforce my topic: the laundry.
    Let’s go to imagine all of the pollution of the environment of this era, also of the blod of the diferents animals which went to the slaughterhouse shed. It all ends up to the river, the contaminated water of the Tamesis river. All of the clothing “was cleaned” with the watter of the river, we obtein a cloth with: Contamination and bad smell. With this combination people got problems with skin and epidemics. Completly desaster.

  5. Paula Fernández Bru says:

    “Pea Soupers” was a combination of natural fog and coal smoke. Smog is made by the coal smoke of thousand of chimneys combined with clean natural fog.
    In the Industrial Revolution the smoke and emissions were so heavy and the residents called it “pea-soupers” because the fog was as dense as pea soup.
    By then, the phenomenon was part of London history. “Pea-soupers” were as familiar to Londoners as Big Ben and Westminster Abby.

  6. Maria Lladosa says:

    The people lived in working class districts and the quality of life was hard. The streets are not paved and the sewage system was inadequate.
    In 1858 Joseph Bazalgette was designed the sewage system in London. Although there were problems was finally successful. After was designed Thames Embankment which contained sewage, water pipes and the London Underground.

  7. Anna Oviedo says:

    The population increased from 1 million to over 6 million in a century. This growth was more than the capacity of London to take care of basic needs of people, poor neighborhoods people lived in deplorable conditions and hadn’t public sanitation. This caused many deaths from the pest.

  8. Paula Alvarado says:

    In the Victorian times, in nineteenth century in England during the Industrial Revolution the hygiene situations of the people were desastrous. The noise was one of the things that hurt the society because the noise of the machines and factories were unbearable. Many people who lived in the country had to go to the city because there had work, but the change of the country to the city was extraordinary was extraordinary about the noises and the way to live.

  9. Julia Fernandez says:

    Since the industrial revolution begin to accumulate waste of all kinds, lots of it, and this cause the environmental pollution. All this caused:
    • Population growth in the human population.
    • Increases the production
    • More consumption

  10. Alex Vela says:

    Lack of ventilation:
    Many people die because the air was polluted by sulphur dioxide. Sometimes the air pollution could cause “tuberculosis”. In the victorian time’s they couldn’t cure the tuberculosis and many people died. This illnes had affected many children.

  11. Clàudia Moncunill Alcoverro says:

    During the Victorian times,yhe household rubbish was thrown out into the streets. Housing conditions like these were a perfect for diseases.
    Chimneys, bridges and factory smoke blocked out most of the light in the towns. A layer of dirty smoke often covered the streets like a blanket. This came from the factories that used steam to power their machines. The steam was made by burning coal to heat water. Burning coal produces a lot of dirty, black smoke. This was very bad for people’s health.

  12. Artur Jové says:

    The water supply in this era were so bad and sometimes the water were polluted and the people didn’t know it. And then they can get Cholera and diseases like this. In the first 40 years of the nineteenth century the water supply were worst and later they build a sewer system.

  13. Victor Montserrat says:

    In the nineteenth century the industrial revolution began. England passed a tough year because of health problems, hygiene, food …
    One of the causes were the slaughterhouses where the animals were slaughtered for food. The animals were sick and passed these diseases to people of the city and extended to other. There were even cases where animals were sacrificed also on the streets.

  14. Mireia Rubio says:

    In the industrial revolution the streets weren’t paved and the sewage system was inadequate. They hadn’t drinking water and sanitation was very low. Took a long time until they were able to implement a new sewage, because the economy was very low. The people was very poor and don’t have resources to live in conditions.

  15. Alba Garcia says:

    Waste Disposals: In this time period, Victorian London, in the streets of London waste accumulate, because of all the pollution of the moment. The affection for the environment and the very health of the people, can cause serious problems for the population

  16. Marta Valiente says:

    Smells in the victorian times:

    The smells in the victorian era was very consistentes because the people in this season never take a shawer every day and this smelt was very unpleasant. And the “big water” or “menor water” that pull windows to smelling bad to the streets.

  17. Alicia Serrano says:

    The smells:
    In Victorian times there were many smells caused by poor hygiene and overall pollution from factories. In those days people were infected for many diseases because the streets were very unpleasant. And the people threw away the droppings on the streets

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