El mapa no és el territori

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Hi ha una diferència entre el món i la representació que ens en fem. Tots creem una representació del món en què vivim. És a dir, en fem un mapa, un model, que ens serveix per generar la nostra conducta. Així, cadascú de nosaltres crea un model diferent del món que compartim, i per tant, podem arribem a viure realitats diferents.

Els models que creï cadascú de nosaltres seran diferents, ja que cadascú mira a través de diferents vidres o filtres. El primer filtre el posa el sistema nerviós, a través dels sentits. El segon filtre són les ulleres de les pautes socials. I el tercer, les experiències individuals.
Dins del filtre de les pautes socials el llenguatge té un paper central: “Cada individu és a la vegada beneficiari i víctima de la tradició lingüística en què ha nascut; beneficiari en la mesura en què la seva llengua li dóna accés als registres acumulats de les experiències d’altres persones, i víctima en la mesura que la seva llengua li confirma que la seva consciència amb límits és l’única consciència, de manera que està massa ben disposat a considerar els seus conceptes com si fossin fets reals, i les seves paraules com si fossin reals”. Aldous Huxley. The Doors of Perception.

L’objectiu (nostre, del formador, de l’educador) és expandir i enriquir aquest mapa per fer que la vida sigui més rica i més satisfactòria.

Totes aquestes idees pertanyen a un llibre que he llegit aquests dies. Hi ha idees que m’han semblat molt suggerents, tot i que d’entrada, el títol, se’m feia força estrany. En “La estructura de la magia 1. Lenguaje y terapia” (1975), Richard Bandler i de John Grinder posen les bases de la PNL (Programació Neurolingüística). Basant-se en la Gramàtica Generativa i Transformacional de Chomsky, analitzen el llenguatge utilitzat entre un grup de terapèutes i els seus clients. Els resultats i les conclusions que n’extreuen fan d’aquest llibre un bon manual de comunicació humana, en qualsevol àmbit.

I tu? Des d’on et mires el mapa?

218 thoughts on “El mapa no és el territori

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    El mapa no es el territorio. Esta frase afortunada es uno de los postulados fundamentales de la PNL o Programación Neurolinguística. Fue acuñada por el lingüista Alfred Korzybski, quien fue el primero en utilizar el concepto de neurolingüística. … Cada uno tiene su propia verdad (o su propio mapa mental).

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    ‘El mapa no es el territorio’ es uno de los principios fundamentales de la PNL que quiere decir que cada uno interpretamos las cosas de distinta manera.

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    This principle, made famous by Alfred Korzybski, strikes at many levels. It reminds us in a general way that when we think of coconuts or pigs, there are no coconuts or pigs in the brain. But in a more abstract way, Korzybski’s statement asserts that in all thought or perception or communication about perception, there is a transformation, a coding, between the report and the thing reported, the ‘Ding an sich’. Above all, the relation between the report and that mysterious thing reported tends to have the nature of a classification, an assignment of the thing to a class. Naming is always classifying, and mapping is essentially the same as naming.

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