Economistes, si us plau, inventin alguna cosa

La major part dels economistes (amb comptades però molt meritòries excepcions) segueixen lligats a teories econòmiques obsoletes que van ser concebudes en segles passats, quan la disponibilitat de recursos i d’energia semblava il·limitada.

Segueixen pensant que tot el que necessitem per solucionar el canvi climàtic és que els enginyers inventin alguna cosa i els ecologistes deixin de molestar. Però cada vegada és més evident que no hi ha invents miraculosos i que a hores d’ara la societat ha de tornar-se cap als economistes per dir-los el que tantes vegades s’ha dit a tècnics i científics: senyors i senyores economistes, per favor, inventin vostès alguna cosa!

https://www.eldiario.es/ultima-llamada/Economistas-favor-inventen_6_911018891.html Continua la lectura de Economistes, si us plau, inventin alguna cosa

Un cafè que no faci sagnar a la Terra

L’impacte ambiental de la producció de cafè industrial s’està convertint en una amenaça per als ecosistemes causa de l’ús de fertilitzants i de la tala massiva d’arbres. De seguir així, el 50% de les superfícies útils per a aquest cultiu no seran fèrtils d’aquí a 30 anys.

El cafè de monocultiu que implica la desforestació completa de boscos.Les persones que conreen el cafè són la part més feble perquè no tenen l’oportunitat de negociar, capacitat d’establir preus. Depenen de decisions que es prenen al marge de la seva realitat quotidiana i sense tenir les seves necessitats en compte.

S’ha de  sensibilitzar pel que fa a la qualitat del producte i al fet que, en aquest cas, s’ha de donar suport a dones agricultures que escassament aconsegueixen sobreviure. Continua la lectura de Un cafè que no faci sagnar a la Terra

Irlanda prohibeix els nous vehicles de gasolina i dièsel a partir del 2030

El govern irlandès té previst prohibir la venda de nous vehicles de gasolina i dièsel abans del 2030, com a part d’una estratègia important per protegir el medi ambient. L’objectiu és garantir que tots els cotxes i furgonetes de carreteres irlandesos en 11 anys siguin vehicles elèctrics. La legislació proposada va estar entre les 180 mesures del Pla d’acció climàtic del govern , publicat el dilluns. El document també inclou un objectiu per implementar una prohibició de plàstic no reciclable a tota la UE el 2030.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48668791

Ireland to ban new petrol and diesel vehicles from 2030

The Irish government plans to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles by 2030, as part of a major strategy to protect the environment.

The aim is to ensure that all new cars and vans on Irish roads in 11 years’ time are electric vehicles.

The proposed legislation was among 180 measures in the government’s Climate Action Plan, published on Monday.

The document also includes a target to implement an EU-wide ban on non-recyclable plastic by 2030.

Rising emissions

The Climate Action Plan states that the Republic of Ireland is “way off course” in its attempts to achieve its emissions targets.

Unveiling the plan on Monday, the Environment Minister ​Richard Bruton said Ireland was “currently 85% dependent on fossil fuels”.

He said that at a time when the state’s carbon footprint should be reducing, Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions “have been rising rapidly” and that trend had to be reversed.

He arrived at the launch in Grangegorman, north Dublin, on a hybrid electric bus, accompanied by Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) Leo Varadkar and several other members of the cabinet.

Leo Varadkar and Richard Bruton took a bus to the official launchImage copyrightNIALL CARSON/PA
Image captionLeo Varadkar and Richard Bruton took a bus to the launch of the Climate Action Plan

Mr Bruton said the plan was a roadmap to achieving existing 2030 emissions targets and would put Ireland “on a trajectory to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050”.

The hope is that by the time the petrol and diesel vehicle ban is introduced in 2030 there will be 950,000 electric vehicles on Irish roads.

The government is set to invest in a “nationwide” charging network to power the new vehicles.

By 2025, at least one recharging point will be required at new non-residential buildings with more than 10 parking spaces.

‘Penalties’

In addition to banning the sale of new fossil fuel cars, the government said it would stop granting National Car Test (NCT) certificates to such vehicles by 2045.

The compulsory inspection programme is carried out every year on vehicles that are more than 10 years old.

Mr Bruton said climate targets would be set for every relevant sector of government and public body, including housing; transport; agriculture and the public sector.

The relevant minister will be responsible for achieving the target, with “penalties” if they are not met, he tweeted.

Up to 500,000 homes are to be included in a “retrofit plan” to make them more energy efficient.

As well as the ban on non-recyclable plastic, higher fees will be imposed on the production of materials that are difficult to recycle.

Government departments and bodies have also been instructed to stop buying single-use plastic cups, cutlery and straws.

“Ultimately this is about securing a better, healthier, more resilient future for the country,” the minister said.

Opposition parties have given a cautious welcome to the plan, but some claimed it lacked detail and did not focus strongly enough on public transport.

The Green Party and Sinn Féin both called for more investment in public transport infrastructure, while Fianna Fáil complained that the plan was not costed.