21. LA REVOLUCIÓ. LES COL·LECTIVITZACIONS.

28 d’octubre de 1936
Telegrama del cònsol britànic a Barcelona, Mr.King, al Foreign Office via almirallat

[NA, T 160/686, file 14830]

Decree published today announcing collectivization of all industries, national and foreign, employing 100 workmen on 30th June 1936. Report follows.

Activitats:
1.Què fa saber al govern britànic aquest telegrama?
2.Completa aquesta informació sobre el decret de col·lectivitzacions d’octubre de 1936.

22 de febrer de 1938
Del Cònsol General en funcions Vaughan a Mr. Anthony Eden, del Foreign Office

[NA, FO 371/22670]

Catalan legislation for the collectivisation of industry.

British Consulate General,
Caldetas, Barcelona,
16th February 1938.

Sir,
(…)
The Generality continue to intervene businesses on various grounds (…)
Collectivisation in Catalonia has been, up to the present, largely anarcho-syndicalist in its conceptions, but communism is now beginning to assert itself. The idea of each factory being owned and run by its own workmen is anarchist. It becomes syndicalist when all the factories and enterprises in one trade are taken over by their employees and run as a joint concern by the Trades Union or Syndicate itself. Communism begins to creep in when the State asserts itself against the Trade Unions, by claiming ownership of the factories and businesses, or at any rate a large measure of control over them.
Certain trades in Catalonia have since the Revolution been turn on Syndicalist lines, especially those trades where the Anarcho-Syndicalist Union were strongest. The most notorious case of this was the tramways, undergrounds and buses of Barcelona. Other instances are those of the building trades, the entertainment industry (cinemas, theatres and music halls) and the catering or “gastronomic” industry (restaurants, cafes, bars and hotels).There are several other instances, the system of amalgamating various concerns in ons trade under control of the Syndicate being known as “agrupación” or grouping together.
The communist reaction is now setting in, as the Generality have intervened the three last “agrupaciones” mentioned, appointing a Commission to supervise each of them. The building trades appear to have welcomed Government intervention. (…)

Activitats:
3.Quants tipus de col·lectivització distingeix el cònsol britànic? Què les distingeix?
4.Quin ha estat fins ara la línia predominant? Què està passant ara?

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